ARTICLE: CLASSIC Vs MODERN ISLAM - TEACHING MATERIALS-TEACHERS' SHORT STORIES AND ARTICLES- LEISURE

TEACHING MATERIALS-TEACHERS SHORT STORIES AND ARTICLES- LEISURE

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Wednesday, 4 October 2017

ARTICLE: CLASSIC Vs MODERN ISLAM


 

ATHEISM IN THE MUSLIM WORLD
And the war between the classic and modern Islam.

                                                            
Atheism has appeared ages ago in the Moroccan society and it had prevailed in dangerous rates lately because of many reasons. First, we don't know anything about our religion, we don't read and we don't seek the truth, and even if we do so, we seek it from other thinkers' perspectives. Islam is a subject to subdivisions from death of the prophet Muhammad (PBUH). We can easily spot the conflict and even the clashes between "sheikhs" who are very traditional and who believe in "sahib Albukhari and Muslim” blindly in addition to hundreds of books written by sheikhs like "Ibnu taymiyyah", the most quoted personalities of ISIS, Alqaeda and Boko haram. These texts and articles are used for the sake of justifying the savage acts towards non-Muslims like killing, chopping and burning the “infidels” as they are called by ISIS disciples and followers, or even against the other streams like Shiah; one of the main branches of orthodox Islam besides Sunni Islam. Some texts or hadiths derived from the books or Fatawas of Ibn Taymiyya and some texts “hadiths”from Sahih Albukhari and Sahih Muslim restricts the freedom of thinking, the freedom of speaking and the freedom of believing in whatever God you choose. As a case in point, It has been narrated on the authority of Abdullah b. 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah said: I have been commanded to fight against people till they testify that there is no god but Allah, that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, and they establish prayer, and pay Zakat and if they do it, their blood and property are guaranteed protection on my behalf except when justified by law, and their affairs rest with Allah(Sahih Muslim (1:3)). This hadith is an example of hadiths used by non-muslims to attack islam and muslims and question tolerance in the Islamic religion.  However, first, on the contrary, freedom is clearly preserved and conserved in our holy book, as an example , the freedom of choosing your religion, Allah Said" lakom dinokom waliya deen ",  “To you your religion and to me mine”  (Qur'an 109:1-6), the very traditional books contradicts sometimes the main teachings of  the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him and all the principles and values he adopted based on the revelation from Allah; namely “Qur’an”. A lot of Sheikhs believe in the authenticity and correctness of the hadith mentioned above. However, on the other hand, some sheikhs and thinkers like Dr.  Adnan Ibrahim thinks that the word “people” means is a general word directed towards specific people; in other words the Kuffar or the infidels who tried to stop or who showed opposition to Islam and muslims and those who wanted to shutter the integrity of muslims. Dr Adnan Ibrahim says that this technique is mentioned many times in the Qur’an, so the understanding of the Arabic religion is decisive to understand the real message of Qur’an.  What’s more, the messenger of Allah  adopted universal human values centuries ago when the headquarters of the  Islamic religion was just set up,  some of these values are made and considered as the pillars on which Islam itself is built as giving charity to the poor “Azzakat” and we all know that  it’s an obligation in some cases. One of the best principles I was fascinated by in my religion during war, is that we mustn’t kill a warrior who’s escaping the battlefield, and elderly, a boy, a sick person or even a plant or an insect that is not liable to hurt or harm. Some texts “Hadiths” from these books like Ibn Taymiya’s and some of his Fatawas distort the real image of Islam already being distorted by some occidental media that serves the anti-Islam parties during their campaigns in addition to some Christian religious shows that harshly criticize Islam based on such texts and hadiths of the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. I admit that I was a victim of these texts and the majority of "sheikhs" who blindly believe and assume that “killing any Muslim who changes his faith is obligatory”, a huge number of Muslim Sheikhs and scholars believe in this in addition to some members in the religious political parties such as the Muslim brotherhood in Egypt, the religious, social and political movement that was founded in 1928 by Hassan Albanna [1] and Sayyid Qutb was one of its main members. The latter on one hand said in his book (معالم في الطريق) (Landmarks on the way) published in 1964, “the attitude of Islam from these societies (referring to non-muslims) is that it refuses to recognize their legitimacy (landmarks on the way: page 93). furthermore, he considers people or governments that don’t rule according to Shariaa laws including the so-called “Muslim countries” “Kuffar” or infidels (pages 91, 95). Whereas, on the other hand, Allah says in his Qur’an in his own words (“Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth has been made clear from error. Whoever rejects false worship and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that never breaks. And Allah hears and knows all things.” [Sûrah al-Baqarah: 256](.
However, once we start to think deeply and stop seeing Islam from the Salafist perspective, we will figure out a lot of truths denied or hidden after the death of the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. A lot of fabricated texts and sayings claimed to be stated by the prophet Muhammad cannot really be accepted because of their apparent contradictions with the Qur'an that we believe to be the words of Allah or with logic and reason as stated above. One of the thinkers who adopt this stream of thinking is Adnan Ibrahim who is known among Muslims lately by his religious discourse renewal as well as the Egyptian Islam Albihiri who asks for the renewal of the Muslim religious discourse and for the correction of some texts from Sahih Albukhari and Muslim in order to adapt Qur’an. What’s more, the latter demands for the rejection of the heritage books that contain texts and Fatawas against the freedom of belief [2] . Let’s have a look at this “hadith” extracted from “Sahih Albukhari” considered to be the most correct and “free from error” books after the Qur’an according to muslim scholars (the beginning of creation part) This text “hadith” assumes that the origin of some rats is Jews who have been deformed because the rats the prophet is talking about in this hadith follow the same teachings of Moses, namely allowing themselves to drink milk secreted by sheep and deprive themselves from drinking milk secreted by camels, Adnan Ibrahim considers this hadith or text as a silly hypothesis and a false tentative insight into the science of ethnology [3] ,  and he denies that this hadith is correct “not Sahih” and it is impossible that such things can be said by a prophet who’s a messenger of Allah speaking out of divine source, Dr. Adnan Ibrahim confirms that this “Hadith” cannot be told by the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him and it may lead any person who thinks reasonably to reject his Islamic faith” if we insist on that it was said by the prophet Muhammad Peace be upon him because rats existed before the era of the prophet Moses. Moreover, this hadith contradicts another hadith in Sahih Albikhari that assures the impossibility for deformed animals to have descendants. In addition to this, many other Hadiths that consider Women’s physical ability to seduce Men sexually as a “human devil” or as a creature inferior to Men, whereas we all know how the prophet glorified the role of women in society and within her family, the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him loved his wives a pure and delicate love and it’s undeniable that their role in preserving Islam through saving and writing down his daily practices be it religious or civil ; to the extent that his last recommendation before he died peace be upon him was in favor of Women “Istawssu binnissa2i Khayran” treat women kindly (Sahih albukhari ; Arabic version, hadith number 4787) and this totally contradicts the salafist’s view toward women. Furthermore, some contemporary thinkers like Islam Albihiri who had been convicted for contempting religions denies the whole traditional and cultural books being taught by Alazhar institute and he claims that they distort the pure original islam .Moreover, he openly says they must be thrown or tossed into the garbage or totally burn them till nothing is left from them especially the heritage books such as Ibn Taymiyya’s books, simply because they belie  the image of Islam to the extent that he considers Sheikh Ibn Taymiyyah as the real founder of ISIS [4]. However other thinkers Like Alqumni who's known as the most famous secularist thinker in Egypt believes that such books can merely serve as an open window on the era of the prophet Muhammad and he disagrees with the total rejection of “Sahih muslim” and “Sahih albukhari” books, which means we cannot do without them. I admit that such thinkers made me think twice about the question of Islam, or the real Islam. I personally don't accept whatever they say blindly and I disagree with them sometimes and I prevent myself from falling in the same morass the majority of Muslims are trying to move out from, namely the morass of “freezing” our brains and stopping to think; as the majority of Muslims have been doing so far.  Unfortunately , the Salafists in Egypt strongly resist such thinkers through some official religious institutes like “Al-Azhar” .  The mentioned institute has been trying to convince the Egyptian justice to arrest the modern Muslim thinkers and researchers; namely Islam Albihiri and alqumni whose way of thinking and explaining Islam totally contradicts the Azhar’s traditional and conventional method of explaining islamic Hadiths or even some Verses from the Qur’an. For example, the Salafists think that all the people of the book are disbelievers and hell will be their destiny, on the other hand Islam Albihiri thinks that we can’t judge them because they believe in Allah and the only point of difference is that we believe in Muhammad as a prophet and the people of the book don’t. So, as far as I am concerned, we have to use our minds we are endowed with, adhering to what Allah repeatedly said in his holly Qur’an “Watafakkaru" "watazabbaru" which Means thinking profoundly, pondering and conceiving deeply before judging or adopting a value and incorporate it to our daily life activities.
Some of the former Muslims always claim that the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him was cruel toward Jews and women as Netshe describes the Muslim society as “a holy martial society”[5], but they totally ignore that the killing of Jews happened because they betrayed him. Jews betrayed not only the last prophet, but their prophet Moses himself. They ignore that the prohet Muhammed Peace be upon him had launched a war against Jews, and this was only historical not ongoing event, and Allah in his book didn't say that we should be the enemies of Jews or Christians all the time. But the problem, is that some people who want to distort the image of Islam generalize these "Verses" of hatred directed against Jews; against the group that betrayed the prophet and his followers at that time only and not Jews of all times, namely “Banu kurayza”.
All in all, I'm inviting all youths undergoing the experience of “atheism” because of some hadiths to think, think and think, moreover, not to believe in whatever they read without preparation or reflection especially if what’s read or told to them is not built on a rational or if it contradicts Quran Karim. Finally, a real Muslim does not allow the other to teach him his religion and the real rules and laws imposed by Allah from his Qur’an. A real Muslim should read and seek the truth himself, a real Muslim doesn’t allow the media to brainwash and control his mind, and a real Muslim doesn’t consider the books of Hadith as a holly book. And I personally believe that we can’t reject the whole traditional books as some thinkers say, but we can criticize discuss and why not edit and rectify the texts or even delete some texts that contradicts with the Qur’an and texts that might confuse a Muslim before being called “a former Muslim”. Finally, I believe that the Muslim scholars must change their discourse towards Muslims and non-Muslims as well because we really need a real renewal of the religious discourse and try to accept the others’ points of view.
                                                           Jamal Ait Yahia
                       

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